The average life span of an Indian banyan tree is thought to be more than 1000 years, although no valid records of this can be cited. The life span of the banyan tree and peepal tree. It is believed that the largest banyan tree in the world is located in the Botanic garden in Kolkata, India. According to the studies, these trees may live up to even 2000 years. Most pipals begin their life as an epiphyte in another tree, the seed often sprouting in a pile of bird dung, delivered by the bird that ate the fig fruit. They have strong aerial roots which turn woody as they grow up. The trees have flowers and fruits, but these are not edible. The Peepal is often known as the Sacred Fig, and the peepal botanical identify is Ficus religiosa. Today, thousands of pilgrims travel to Bodhgaya each year to revere a sacred pipal tree here, which is a direct descendant of the ancient Bodhi tree. An excellent treatment for tooth decay is a mix of Peepal and Banyan tree barks. The pipal tree, beneath which he had obtained nirvana, was called the Bodhi Tree (’Tree of Enlightenment’). His name was Siddharta Gautama, by his followers called The Buddha (‘The Enlightened One’). The central mother-trunk was destroyed by a lightning in 1919 and has since rotted away, but about 1,825 of the aerial roots have grown into trees, which today are c. 25 m high, covering an area of more than 14,000 m2, equivalent to almost 1.5 ha (3.7 acres). The paste of peepal leaf provides relief in case of boils. They are very large evergreen trees, in fact the largest in the world in terms of circumference, and they are found commonly in the Indian sub continent. The Peepal fits into the latter. I loved the cultural and religious information that you discussed in relation to the trees. It is true that Ancient Indians honored all the trees, But some particular trees and plants are considered sacred and have been worshiped over thousands of years. This is actually a single tree. The banana tree is considered an equivalent to the householder, while the Banyan is considered and equivalent to the hermit. The peepal trees are sometimes referred to as pipal trees, pippal trees or pippala trees and they can grow up to a height of 98 feet, with the main trunk diameter reaching up to 3 metres. Particularly interesting for me on this page is the explanation as to just why the banyan and pippal may be regarded as so important in Hindu and Buddhist culture. The picture in the introduction module is downloaded from Wikimedia Commons Image, which shows a Peepal tree in the front area and an Indian banyan tree in the background. The banyan tree is the taller of the two, grown up to 100 feet. In many places, especially in temples, a raised floor is built around these giant trees, where people can sit, take rest or even sleep. It is also believed that, Buddha got enlightenment while he was praying under a peepal tree, and so it is also called as 'Bodhi' tree. The peepal tree is medium-sized and has heart-shaped leaves. In Hindu legends, there have been mentions about sages who go into 'tapas' or deep mediations for years, under these trees. Even Jains and Buddhists worship the Peepal tree. This tree is a symbol of the Universe’s never-ending expanse – indeed, it is revered across the Indian subcontinent, particularly amongst the Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists, as the Tree of Life . In the above pictures from Wikimedia Commons Image, the first image shows the leaves in a peepal tree and the second image shows its trunk. Eventually, the host tree is strangled to death, and as its trunk decays, it leaves the pipal tree, standing as a hollow cylinder of aerial roots. Peepal tree or Pipal (Ficus Religiosa) is considered to be one of the most sacred trees in our Hindu culture since ages. Actually not every peepal tree is supposed to be called as a Bodhi tree, a peepal tree can be called so only if its origin can be traced back to that of the original Bodhi tree under which Buddha got the enlightenment. The fruits are eaten by birds, monkeys and bats. Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment under this native deciduous tree of India. All these beliefs might be due to the fact that, these large trees would have provided the best environment for prayers and meditation for even sages and saints, since they are the best trees that can provide shades. There are many stories from history, where people describe about using banyan trees and peepal trees as shelters. Thank you so much :). Foot-sore, he sat down to rest in the shade of a huge pipal tree, determined not to leave, before he had found a satisfying answer to his question. In Bengal, peepal and banyan trees are married. This is also a tropical tree which is evergreen, and it grows very large and woody in time and it is considered very sacred too. This is known as the Great Indian Banyan tree which is more than 250 years old and it covers an area of about 4 acres. VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on October 23, 2014: Thanks so much for reading Alun, and I am so sorry for the late reply. Both Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees are very similar species, in fact different varieties with in the fig trees, with much similarity in appearance and other features. The banyan trees usually reach a height of about 30 meters, however in terms of circumference, an almost grown tree can cover an area of about 1 acre. The same way, the banyan tree represents … Can someone quote where that might be stated? Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on April 22, 2014: I enjoyed this hub very much, VioletteRose. The most important thing to be known about the Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees is that both the trees are considered very sacred by Hindus and Buddhists and they are often planted together in the temple surroundings. Greensleeves Hubs from Essex, UK on September 20, 2014: VioletteRose, although I have heard of Ficus religiosa, I did not know the common name of pippal. Banyan has broadly oval leaves and long aerial roots, which hang down from the branches, often taking root and over time creating a ’forest’ of trunks, all of which are in fact a single individual. Banyan is an evergreen tree of great medicinal value. The figs of the tree house the flowers and grow in pairs. It must be one of the most distinctive looking trees in the world. I love to hang out near them on picnics, I can just gaze at them and their intricacies for so long. Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on February 21, 2015: VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on February 21, 2015: Hi Jackie Lynnley, that is so kind of you! The berries are purple and also grow in pairs. The acquainted and widespread Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) is a relative of the Peepal, as are Gular/Dumar (Ficus racemosa), Pukar (Ficus Benjamina) and Kamarup (Ficus microcarpa). If at any time, I could gather more information on the use of banyan trees and peepal trees with regards to medicine and such, I will add them to the article. This tree is sacred to those of the Buddhist faith, as it is believed to be the personification of Buddha. It is a symbol of pride and a matter of great importance for the womenfolks of India. Large banyan tree. They prefer full sunlight and can grow in … Often known as the sacred fig tree. So thanks for that - an informative hub about two very attractive and significant trees. Even Jains and Budhists worship the Peepal tree. Tribals in bengal call the peepal tree as vasudev. Banyan tree – 200 to 500 years When the AMC decided to cut a 70-year-old Banyan tree in Vastrapur, several citizens came together to stop it. Contact: Hardy Highlanders – People and Wildlife of the Himalaya, Iran 1973: Car breakdown at the Caspian Sea, Iran & Turkey 1973: “Kurdistan! Both Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees are very similar species, in fact different varieties with in the fig trees, with much similarity in appearance and other features. Pipal has broad, heart-shaped leaves, ending in a long, tapering point. The above image from Wikimedia Commons Image is that of the Great Indian Banyan tree, which looks like individual trees. peepal tree and banyan tree Commuters and passersby rest in the shade. The Buddha and Buddhism are descibed in detail on the page Religion: Buddhism. Over the following centuries, a village, named Bodhgaya, sprung up around this tree, and many Buddhist temples were built here. Apart from all these medicinal uses, banyan tree is considered a sacred tree in India and is worshipped. An organism’s lifespan can depend on the species. As I mentioned above, Indian banyan trees and peepal trees are considered very sacred trees by both Hindus and Buddhists. - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock I have searched using the said words in google and found what you have mentioned. In fact the tree was hit by a lightning in1925 which resulted in the splitting of the main trunk. To Buddhists, pipal is a symbol of nirvana (enlightenment). In India these trees are planted near roads as large shading trees which can give shelter to numerous birds as well as the tired travelers. Book a luxurious stay with Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts. The aerial roots are used to make tent-poles and cart-yokes. Banyan (Bargad) National Tree of India Let me first start with Banyan tree One might NOT believe me but the Banyan Tree is being considered as to be the national tree of India. Peepal trees are also known as the sacred figs, bodhi trees or pipal trees. They water the plant in the month of vaishakh and at times of difficulty. Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on April 22, 2014: Beautiful trees with a unique shape and height I have learned so much more about these trees from your hub. A traditional shade where stones are laid for sitting on. Goodbye To Toothache. The tree covers about a circumference of half a kilometer and it has about 3300 aerial roots. In India and Nepal, villagers often plant two species of fig trees, banyan, or Bengal fig (Ficus benghalensis), and pipal, or sacred fig (F. religiosa), side by side, and as they grow larger, stone benches, called chotara, are constructed around their trunks. Banyan tree can be used to treat various sexual problems like female infertility, pre-mature ejaculation and other weakness very effectively. I LOVE banyan trees, I live in the subtropics and they have a few very stunning, very old ones around my city and these trees are just fascinating! The above picture from Wikimedia Commons Image shows monks praying near the peepal tree or Bodhi tree. The tree that is believed to be home to several parakeets also has a small temple at its trunk. Peepal is a storehouse of medicinal worth and is used to deal with many illnesses and ailments, starting from bronchial asthma and pores and skin ailments, to kidney and varied blood-related issues. FlourishAnyway from USA on April 23, 2014: These are beautiful trees I have never personally encountered, and I enjoyed learning about them. 162 likes. To Hindus, banyan and pipal are both a symbol of the mighty god Vishnu – friend and preserver of mankind. I like learning about plants. The leaves of the banyan tree are used as fodder for elephants and for making leaf-plates. The tree can propagate naturally from its seeds, and the seeds can germinate on even muddy walls, structures, other buildings and also on the wood of other trees. On … The Banyan tree is the male equivalent and Peepal is the female counterpart. In the Botanical Garden in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), eastern India, a 250-year-old banyan is the largest of its kind in the world (see picture above). The trunk and leaves of an Indian banyan tree. Updated: Apr 27, 2018, 06:35 AM IST. Even though the roots of peepal trees also grow deep and large and woody in time, they are not aerial. The time from birth to an organism’s natural death reflects its lifespan. Anupama July 24, 2014 August 12, 2018. However, the tree still continues to grow even though it looks like individual trees. Peepall trees are also very large trees which can be grown as shading trees. The picture of the banyan tree that looks like many trees but is really one tree is fascinating! a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. Best wishes. For 49 days and nights he sat here, deep in meditation. 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